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Aulonocara baenschi
Aulonocara "eureka"
Aulonocara hueseri
Aulonocara jocobfreibergi
Aulonocara sp."lwanda"
Aulonocara "ruby red"
Aulonocara "orange blotch"
Aulonocara rostratum
Aulonocara stuartgranti

Champsochromis caeruleus

Copadichromis azureus
Copadichromis sp. "azureus whitehead"
Copadichromis borleyi
Copadichromis sp. "mloto likoma"
Copadichromis sp. "virginalis gold"

Cynotilapia afra

Cyrtocara moorii

Dimidiochromis compressiceps
Dimidiochromis strigatus

Fossorochromis rostratus

Iodotropheus sprengerae

Labeotropheus fuelleborni
Labeotropheus trewavasae

Labidochromis caeruleus
Labidochromis sp. "caeruleus purple longnose"
Labidochromis sp. "perlmutt"

Melanochromis auratus
Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos
Melanochromis johannii

Metriaclima aurora
Metriaclima barlowi
Metriaclima callainos
Metriaclima estherae
Metriaclima fainzilberi
Metriaclima greshakei
Metriaclima hajomaylandi
Metriaclima lombardoi
Metriaclima mbenji
Metriaclima sp. "msobo"
Metriaclima zebra

Nimbochromis livingstonii
Nimbochromis polystigma
Nimbochromis venustus

Otopharynx sp."auromarginatus margrette"
Otopharynx lithobates

Placidochromis electra
Placidochromis sp."electra superior"
Placidochromis milomo
Placidochromis sp."phenochilus tanzania"

Protomelas sp."mbenji thick lips"
Protomelas ornatus
Protomelas sp."spilonotus tanzania"
Protomelas sp."steveni taiwan"
Protomelas taeniolatus

Pseudotropheus crabro
Pseudotropheus demasoni
Pseudotropheus sp. "demasoni mozambique"
Pseudotropheus sp."elongatus mpanga"
Pseudotropheus sp."elongatus ornatus"
Pseudotropheus sp."elongatus ruarwe"
Pseudotropheus sp. "flameback"
Pseudotropheus flavus
Pseudotropheus sp. "perspicax orange cap"
Pseudotropheus sp. "polit"
Pseudotropheus pulpican
Pseudotropheus saulosi
Pseudotropheus socolofi

Sciaenochromis fryeri

Tropheops sp."red cheek"

Tyrannochromis macrostoma

Lake Malawi map - northern part
Lake Malawi map - southern part




Lake Malawi

Lake Malawi is the ninth biggest lake among all lakes around the world with an area of about 31 000 km². The lake is 585 km long and at the most about 87 km broad. The maximum depth is around 700 meter and the average depth is 273 m, the surface of the lake is 472 metres above the sea level. The lake is bordered by Tanzania, Moçambique and Malawi.
This great lake belongs to the african great rift lakes, and it's one of the oldest lakes known. Under the very long period of time that the lake has been isolated from the other african lakes there had been developed more than 600 species that are endemic to the Lake Malawi. The species are specialized to exist in the many different habitats in the lake, the cichlids are in most cases also very brightly coloured.
Malawi cichlids are among the most beautiful and interesting fishes that could be kept in an aquarium.

L. trewavase
Photo © Michael Persson
An example of a specialized cichlid is Labeotropheus trewavasae which have developed a longer upper jaw to more easily scrape algea from rocks.

L. trewavase
Photo © Michael Persson
A Labeotropheus trewavasae male near Thumbi West Island scrapes algea from a stone.

Short facts about Lake Malawi

Watertemp. of the surface: 23-28 ºC
pH: 7.5-8.5
Conductivity: 200-260 µS
Length: 585 km
Area: 31 000km²
Maximum depth: 700 m


Photo © Michael Persson
Habitat with mbunas at Otter Point.

Photo © Michael Persson
Sunset at Thumbi West Island in the southest part of Lake Malawi.
Copyright © Michael Persson 1997-2006. All rights reserved.